Endodontics

WHAT IS ENDODONTICS

Endodontic treatment will save a tooth that otherwise should be extracted.

Endodontics is the dental medicine specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of pulpar pathology.

Dental pulp is a tissue located inside the tooth and is composed of nerves, blood vessels and other tissues. This tissue has a triple role: formative, nutritive and sensory (assuring the sensitivity of the tooth). The pulp is protected against the harmful factors by the three layers surrounding it, the enamel, the dentin and the cement. If one of these protective layers is perforated by a carious lesion or following a dental trauma, saliva microbes will infect the pulp.

Proper endodontic treatment takes place over several stages

  • Removing dental pulp from both the pulp chamber and the root canals
  • Cleaning, disinfection and preparation of the pulp chamber and root canals with specific endodontic needles and irrigating solutions
  • A specific medication can be placed on the root canals for a few weeks. This is an optional step and the more severe the pulp infection, the more important the procedure
  • The last step of any endodontic treatment is canal root filling. This procedure involves sealing the root canals with specific obstruction materials